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History of Crevillent

Historia Crevillent

The town of Crevillent is located at the foot of the mountain of the same name 835 meters of altitude, which belongs to the eastern end of the subbéticas and where are the peaks of San Cayetano, Sanyuri, la Vella and el Puntal.

Mountains and plains are the elements that make up its relief, crossed by several watercourses as the el Barranc Fort, the Rambla de Castelar or San Cayetano. This relief conditions its geography so that the village has neighborhoods formed by cuevas, housing type most original of these regions carved into the hillsides. In its municipal other districts such as San Felipe de Neri, El Realengo, Barrio de la Estación, Las Casicas, El rincón de los Pablos and el Barranco de San Cayetano are included.

The climate is semi-arid type, with warm winters and hot dry summers. The average temperature is 18º, with minor 3º winter and summer peak near 40°. Rainfall is low with values around 298 l. concentrated in the autumn months based high-intensity rainfall draining through the ramblas.

In its vegetation predominates mastic, kermes oak, esparto, palm hearts and black hawthorn, with some patches of forest located in the shady pine forest. In the floodplain lagoon of El Hondo, declared a nature reserve, where you can see species like the imperial heron, the marbled teal and flamingos.

The main activity of its economy is the carpet industry, whose history dates back to the Middle Ages and is in the tradition of esparto and the rush. Its industrial activity is favored by the excellent communications by road to the N340, the Mediterranean motorway A-7 (Alicante-Murcia, the AP-7 motorway that connects Elche and Cartagena, as well as its proximity to Altet airport and Alicante port.

Its beginnings date back to the Upper Paleolithic period, about 30,000 years ago, but is from the Chalcolithic in the village of Les Moreres where traces are steadily. Notable centuries corresponding to Bronze Final and Iron Age, about 2,770 or 3,000 years ago, where the town of la Penya Negra stands as essential to know the origins of Iberian culture enclave. It is in these moments that are filled for the first time these hills, which allow entry into relationship through trade, the most influential cultures of the peninsula systems, such as Tartessus in Andalusia, Cogotas in the Meseta and the Atlantic Final Bronze in the west facade. The purpose of this trade was flourishing metallurgy in the area.

In Roman period abound villas located in the plains of the municipality. Excavations at La Canyada Joana have brought to light a building of the IV and V centuries with exceptional conservation devoted to pressing and storage of oil.

The origin of the urban case is Islamic, Qirbilyan, as was known in Arabic, was conquered by the Christians in 1243 and until 1318 boasted power as a leader or ra’is. The history of these centuries until, first under Catholic monarchs Castilian domain from domain 1296 under Aragon Kingdom, is marked by its border situation with the Nasrid kingdom of Granada, and most importantly, that the population remained largely Muslim. Muhammad-al-Ssafra-al-Qirbiliani was a local doctor whose fame led him to the courts of Granada, Fez and Morocco.

Under the subsequent control of the Duke of Maqueda, Crevillent grew under a very poor rainfed agriculture, looking eagerly water inside your saw by drilling through mine. After the Moorish expulsion in 1609, the population was reduced to one third, entering a crisis that did not recover until well into the eighteenth century. In this century it was granted the title of town for their loyalty to the Bourbon cause in the war of succession. The historical evolution in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, has its reason in the evolution of esparto and rush craft that became a very powerful carpet industry in Crevillent.

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