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Housing caves

Caves housing

Cuevas vivienda Crevillent

The town of Crevillent, after the expulsion of the Moors in 1609, succumbed to a serious crisis of population from approximately 1,800 to 800. In the eighteenth century there were an extremely significant increase until 8,100 inhabitants in 1794, that’s when overflowed beyond the capacity of a small town and limited by its peculiar relief, and the population began to pierce the slopes of ravines around creating artificial caves used as housing, which over time it has become a very popular type of habitat and, surely, the most original of these regions.

To get an idea of their importance, only noting that Cavanilles in late eighteenth century counted about 500 caves, in 1887 there were 1,056 and 900 in the decade 1960-70 which accounted for around 30% of total housing.

The caves houses are located in the ravines of the upper town, limiting its scope to the north and much of the East and West, and cover an area of 365,000 m².

Prior to excavation, cut the slope of the hillside until it almost vertical and flat terrace serves. Its interior has an in-depth development comprises a dining hall and other rooms around, trying to locate at first the toilet and the kitchen and at the bottom a longer room. On the ceiling highlights the fireplace and skylight on the far side of the door which also serves to circulate the room air.

The organization is almost urban, drawing alignments conditioned by the configuration of relief. If the slope is accused, are arranged stepwise forming a typical landscape with a certain charm as the case of Macha or Bayona street. At other times, not being as high hills, the distribution is much more anarchic as in the streets of Colón, Violin or Planelles. At the moment, progress and urban transformations have caused significant changes in these neighborhoods, always occupied by the lower classes, who come to inhabit some 700 caves. The village, little by little, is beating field and also many caves have attached them to their entrance patio or building, using the latter as a complementary cave dwelling.

The most typical, in addition to those already mentioned, streets are Sendra, one of the most primitive, el Ángel, la Salud, Llorenç, Rincón Salao, Perdigonera and Carretas.

Video with more information about the caves housing of Crevillent

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